Thursday, November 28, 2019
Analytical Essay Sample on Time in the Film How to Manipulate the Audience I love to watch movies because I love to be entertained. Movies provide an escape from reality by entering into another world. A world comprised of characters, some you like and some you do not, and a story, which if effective will grip you and take you in. Sometimes so much to the extent, the world around you disappears and you become mesmerized and captivated by the images and the scenes that unfold on the screen. Film is an art form, a representation or even a manipulation of reality. I selected Amores Perros for the purposes of this essay. I popped the cassette into the VCR without looking at the actual playing time of the movie. I wanted to see how the film makers used their ability to manipulate time to affect me and my experience. Following the guidelines, I will start by producing a quick summary of the film. The film revolves around three different stories all intertwined through one devastating automobile accident experienced from three alternate perspectives and times throughout the film. The film is a patchwork narrative meaning, Ã¢â¬Å"there is no central plot and no single-line character. Instead, one story begets another and the primary conceit is part-for-whole (synecdoche).Ã¢â¬ The film opens up with a chase scene leading into the accident involving the main character of the first section of the movie, Octavio. Octavio lives in a poor household with his brother and his wife, Suzanna, their baby, and their mother. OctavioÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle begins when he falls in love with Suzanna. He finds a means of making money through subjecting his dog into fighting and seeks to earn enough to take his husbandÃ¢â¬â¢s wife and the baby away with him. After Suzanna abandons Octavio with his brother and the mon ey, the dog fighting ends up in a messy disaster corrupted with foul play. Octavio finds himself in a violent car chase involving thugs of the dog fighting world. This leads up to the crash. The second section of the film involves a man named Daniel who leaves his family to pursue a life with his mistress, Valeria, a supermodel. He purchases an apartment for them to live together but their lives are quickly thrown in disarray when the model is hit by a speeding car racing through a red light, OctavioÃ¢â¬â¢s. Valeria is left in a wheelchair with her leg highly disfigured. Turmoil begins in their relationship when her dog disappears through the floorboards, and frustration of not being able to walk nor rely on her beauty kicks in. After a medical oversight the modelÃ¢â¬â¢s leg is amputated and Daniel begins to wonder how his life unfolded in such disillusion. This leads us into the third part of the movie involving an ex-con man, El Chivo, in search of the strength to talk to his daughter whom he abandoned when she was two. El Chivo lives in a shanty home with several dogs as his family. Desperately seeking money, El Chivo acts as a hired hit-man. About to kill, he observes the brutal car crash between Octavio and Valeria. Racing to the scene he finds OctavioÃ¢â¬â¢s dog and rescues and nurtures it back to health. He leaves do go commit a murder only to return home to find OctavioÃ¢â¬â¢s dog covered in blood after mauling and killing every one of El ChivoÃ¢â¬â¢s dogs. This sparks some changes in El ChivoÃ¢â¬â¢s life, including a call to his daughter. As the three stories unfold they overlap and intertwine on many occasions within the film. Attached to the essay, is a graph of the dramatic structure of the film. It is separated into three divisions based on the three alternate story lines. Each line marked with the letter C represents the car crash on the three different occasions during the film. The movie as well as each story begins by witnessing the accident from a different perspective thus correlating with high viewer interest. The stories through sequences which flash back in time and disregarding a linear time structure capture events which raise the intensity of the film over elapsed time, until once again the crash is experienced. The lines marked S are the storyÃ¢â¬â¢s time line of major events which build up intensity until the climactic crash scene. However the storylines are interrupted with quick scenes from the other storylines not to build intensity but to familiarize the audience with the characters whom are going to appear. Often a black screen appears for this transition to occur. In doing this the linear timeline is compromised completely, however the elapsed time continues while the viewerÃ¢â¬â¢s interest increases, pauses as the movie takes on a new story and then increases again while the movie returns to the rising excitement of the story being focused on. In the third and final story the movie comes to a closure just as each of the first two stories had previously done. However the sequences of the alternate storylines are higher in viewer interest than the alternate sequences in the main storylines for the first part of the film, because as time has progressed all three story are concluding. As I mentioned earlier, because our focus is on time in the cinema, I decided to put on Amores Perros without looking at the playing time. While I was watching the movie from an objective standpoint I noticed that I had no idea what time it was or how long the movie was going on. The physical projection time of the movie was 153 minutes, but the psychological time for the characters and me as the viewer far exceeded that. As for the psychological time of the characters, it was hard to construct the dramatic timeline in which the story unfolds in. Throughout the story each character goes through life altering events in a short span of time which affects their psychological time. The struggles the characters go through as for anyone who would go through such events, destroy their concepts of time as their worlds crumble and their lives take on new ordeals. Their patterns of daily life disintegrate and these new challenges consume the lives of these characters. As everything is thrown i nto disarray their past become faint memories of a different life. For these characters the grind of their present everyday environments is all that matters. As a viewer the experience of time is much different than that of the characters. The extent to which the life changing events have on the characters, draws out the psychological experience for the viewer miraculously. For the viewer, everything that takes place is so significant that the time seems to span far longer than the actual duration in which the film is running. Adding to this effect is the formula of the Ã¢â¬Å"forking pathsÃ¢â¬ and the multiple storylines. The viewer is forced to go back in time after the completion of one characterÃ¢â¬â¢s story to play out the events from an alternate character in the time that has already passed in the film. This technique, manipulates the viewer to disregard real time and consume themselves with the events on the screen. As each storyline intersects with one another the time seems to be moving in endless cycles. Two principle methods of temporal manipulation employed in the film are condensed and suspended time. The most common formula for films is the simple story formula, which involves a hero and his or her plight through an array of obstacles. Ã¢â¬Å"This formula may sound basic, but huge numbers of excellent movies have used it.Ã¢â¬ It also explains why condensed time was essential in the creation of this movie. By no means has Alexandro Gonzalez Inarritu directed a simple film formula. However in each separate story he focuses on individuals who experience an array of life changing events and pass through many obstacles along the way. Each of these stories exists on their own but are connected through one fated car accident, allowing the director to fit three stories into one film. In doing this, he must also ensure that the audience will have an emotional connection to each of the main characters in the film. In addition for the film to be successful each story must be able to exis t as its own entity. To do so, he has condensed time between scenes filled with constant energy and constant infliction on the characters. He does this using several techniques. The most simplistic method used by the director to condense time is, cutting out sequences that must exist for the scene to unfold. An example can be seen at the beginning of the chase scene where Octavio is running from the thugs. It shows the altercation which leads up to the chase, with Octavio getting a head start on his pursuers by foot as he approaches his car. The next shot then jumps into the car as the chase has begun. The action as well as the time that passes in between has been condensed. Another technique the director uses to condense time is the three alternate storylines. Although the movie is separated into three distinct parts and stories, the characters are intertwined throughout the whole film. By showing snippets of the characters throughout the entire film, he allows for condensed time b y reverting back to intense scenes in the main story, while time has progressed in between. He does this exceptionally as the film is riddled with excitement throughout each of the three stories. As a divergent film, Amores Perros uses Ã¢â¬Å"more than one story line and/or sets of characters that may intersect.Ã¢â¬ With the multi-layered film the director is able to create suspended time. While the other story lines are previewed, the main storyline jumps through scenes or time is suspended by viewing from where it was left off. Inarritu uses different techniques to alter the linear progression of time within this movie. Time is suspended while the different characters exist and live through the same time sequence. As the characters do not interact with one another the same time sequence is shown on several different occasions for the viewer. Time progresses for the audience yet the director manipulates the time on the screen by jumping backwards and forwards on a linear time se quences through the different characters and the events that surround them. On numerous occasions time in the film is suspended while this is occurring. In this film I think it is clearly evident that the soundtrack affects the temporal manipulation of the audience, as well as externalizing the charactersÃ¢â¬â¢ feelings. Looking into two distinct scenes in the film, the love making scene, and the car chase provide succinct evidence of this. During the scene where Octavio is making love to Suzanna the music is soft and passionate. For the viewer the music aids the perception of time to slow it down. The music differentiates the pace and tempo of this scene from the rest of the film. The love making is drawn out and seems to lapse for longer than many of the other scenes. This correlates with both OctavioÃ¢â¬â¢s and SuzannaÃ¢â¬â¢s emotional experience during the scene. The car chase is accompanied by intense and fast music, working similar to the love scene only on the opposite end of the spectrum. Where this scene is meant to be intense and exciting the music gets harder and more exhilarating and the experience for the viewer ch anges. The music builds up as the scene and excitement build up as OcativoÃ¢â¬â¢s life dangles in the mix. The scene elicits the response of being much faster than the love scene as the ordeal seems much quicker than that of the love scene. The film provides insight to the nature of time with its multiple strand formula. The three different storylines provide the viewer with the insight of the enormity of time itself. The experience allows the viewer to see the impact of time on an array of characters and events and the after effects which follow. It is through the progression of time that both chaos and order take form. This is exemplified as the characters have no prior contact with one and other before the fated car accident and no further contact following. It is through coincidental timing that the lives of all the characters are greatly affected. The impact of the nature of time is exhibited through each separate storyline.
Monday, November 25, 2019
Nypros Innovation Strategy Executive Summary The success of Nypro can be attributed to its innovativeness, internal competition between teams, and customer focus. Its production strategy is built on strong customer alliances. Gordon LanktonÃ¢â¬â¢s internal market approach contributed greatly to NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s earlier success and innovativeness.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s Innovation Strategy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More The Novaplast technology presents the firm with an opportunity to grow its market share and remain competitive. However, the implementation of this technology in NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s plants requires a careful assessment. This paper analyzes NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s innovation model and evaluates the factors behind its success. Introduction Modern technology has transformed the business landscape by providing solutions to production and managerial challenges. For a multinational firm, improving productivity and human re source practices through technology requires huge financial investments and changes in the management structure. In this regard, the way a firm reacts to technology depends on the impact of the innovation on its management structure and organizational culture. NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s case underscores the role innovation plays in business growth. Its business strategy enabled team leaders to identify and implement innovations that improved the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s performance. Innovative Critical Thinking Innovation management helps guide an organizationÃ¢â¬â¢s utilization of technology in a way that translates to good outcomes. It requires a careful analysis of the business environment in order to identify a business model for commercializing the innovation (Chesbrough, 2005). Due to rapid technological developments, firms often embrace continuous innovation to keep abreast with advances in the industry. The open innovation model, as opposed to the traditional approach, allows companies to adapt new technologies developed by others. Under this model, a firm can license its technology to others, but retain the intellectual property rights. A firm can benefit from RD by adopting the technology or licensing it to players in different markets (Glor, 2001). NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s innovation model involves two strategies. First, decisions made by senior managers are communicated to others (teams) who implement them. Second, innovators within the firm develop technologies independently and inform the managers. These internal venture groups identify new opportunities in the firmÃ¢â¬â¢s innovation process.Advertising Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Besides the people within a firm, the adoption of technology by a firm depends on its target customers. Consumers adopt new products at different rates and thus, can influence the success of an innovation. For instance, innovators and ea rly adopters purchase new products at the first instance and even participate in product development, while the laggards first exhaust traditional alternatives before purchasing innovative products (Gorchels, 2011). In NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s case, Lankton believed that the Ã¢â¬Å"low-volume, high mix marketÃ¢â¬ would adopt NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s technology at a high rate, but the high-volume (battery liners) firms turned out to be its prime market (Christensen Voorheis, 1998, p. 6). NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s Innovation Alliances and Changes SWOT Analysis Strengths Ã¢â¬ËFree marketÃ¢â¬â¢ model that inspires innovations leading to improved performance. This model coupled with NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s strategy of recognizing and rewarding innovators fosters initiative and creativity within the firm Customer-focused design Ã¢â¬â Nypro involves customers in product development. This ensures that products meet customer needs and preferences Better plant coordination Ã¢â¬â Lankton coordinates all the activities in the firm, including information exchanges and technology absorption. This ensures that operations are integrated and harmonious Global focus Ã¢â¬â Nypro has several manufacturing plants spread in different countries. This strategy allows the firm to produce products suited for various markets Weaknesses Slower technology adoption Ã¢â¬â Under the free market model, each plant adopts a new technology when it finds it convenient to do so. Thus, innovations cannot be adopted in a top-down fashion across all plants Limited flexibility Ã¢â¬â NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s current equipment is less flexible, i.e., changes requested by a customer cannot be made after production has started Slower turnaround time Ã¢â¬â The current technologies at Nypro have a slower turnaround time leading to delays. However, the Novaplast technology will increase the rate of production Limited ability to prototype particular molds Ã¢â¬â Complex prototypes requested by customers take time to model Oppo rtunities Global markets Ã¢â¬â NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s decentralized production gives it access to various markets globally A broad clientele Ã¢â¬â Nypro can expand its client base in the healthcare, automotive, telecommunications, and electronic industries. Currently, the firm serves over fifty corporations specializing in various industries (Christensen Voorheis, 1998) Technology development Ã¢â¬â NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s internal market model spurs innovation within the firm. Technologies such as Novaplast promise to improve product quality and reduce the cost of production leading to improved performance Threats External competition Ã¢â¬â Competition in the molding industry is intense. Other industry players, such as Hoffer Plastics and Deswell, invest heavily in technology in a bid to topple Nypro from the market leadership position High customer demand Ã¢â¬â NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s slower turnaround time means that products may not be made on time for the high volume market. Nypro risk s losing its clients to rivals with better technology Loss of prototypes Ã¢â¬â Rival firms can copy and produce NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s products in case of loss of patents Internal rivalry Ã¢â¬â The internal market model may stifle innovation if information sharing is not encouraged PERT Analysis Program The internal market model at Nypro facilitates information exchange between departments It involves regular information dissemination and continuous product improvement Evaluation New technologies are evaluated by Lankton and the plant managers before adoption Review Project teams and customers participate in product review Technique Standardized practices, technology, and customer-involvement Case Analysis Questions NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s success is largely attributable to its internal market model of innovation. The firm saw internal competition as a source of innovation and performance improvement. Nypro used a set of standardized questions to rank teams based on their performance statistics over time. Based on demand trends, the firm shifted to the high-volume market to supply plastic parts to large corporations in need of molding services. Nypro employed the internal market model to revolutionize its production processes, differentiate its products, and ensure quality for its customers. Under this model, the plants competed against one another in terms of reduced production costs and improved product quality. Because of the internal market model, new technologies were adopted in molding (production), visual factory design, MRP2 systems, and product quality (Christensen Voorheis, 1998). 2. Lankton allowed plant managers to nurture competitive innovations in the firm. The managers and the project leaders had a role of generating and implementing innovations that are cost-effective and profitable.Advertising We will write a custom essay sample on NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s Innovation Strategy specifically for you for only $16.05 $11/page Learn More Lankton ensured that the internal market remains competitive and robust through an interlinked management structure involving board directors. He also organized regular forums where the management met and disseminated information regarding new technologies. This facilitated the diffusion of new technologies within the company. 3. In the writerÃ¢â¬â¢s view, the Novaplast technology should be implemented in one plant, as a pilot project. The decision is based on the rationale that NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s current customers may need products that need this machine. Thus, customer orders can be used to assess the cost-effectiveness of this innovation over the other technologies. Alternatively, the machine can be used to make products that are currently on the order list. Costs related to shipment and logistics can then be evaluated to determine whether deploying the machines to other plants is cost-effective. Conclusion NyproÃ¢â¬â¢s case shows how effective managerial strategies nurture i nnovation and business performance. In particular, the internal free market nurtured a thriving innovation process within the firm. Under this model, Nypro has been able to generate technologies that have enabled the firm to compete effectively in the industry. Appendix SWOT Analysis Strengths Biggest non-automotive plastic molder Global presence; present in eight countries with 21 plants strategic alliances with clients world-class technology strong decentralization strategy Weaknesses its equipment have limited flexibility to meet customer needs slower turnaround of molds Limited ability to prototype particular molds Opportunities Global markets and industries Internal competition will promote technology development Threats Rival companies High customer demand loss of prototypes References Chesbrough, H. (2005). Open Innovation: The New Imperative for Creating and ProfitingÃ from Technology. Watertown, Massachusetts. Harvard Business Review Press.Advertisin g Looking for essay on business economics? Let's see if we can help you! Get your first paper with 15% OFF Learn More Christensen, C. Voorheis, R. (1998). Managing Innovation at Nypro, Inc. HarvardÃ Business School, 9(67), 1-14. Glor, E. (2001). Key Factors influencing Innovation in Government. The InnovationÃ Journal, 6(2), 74-82. Gorchels, L. (2011). The Product Managers Handbook: The Complete ProductÃ Management Resource. New York: McGraw-Hill.
Thursday, November 21, 2019
Global Managerial Economics in Mexico - Research Paper Example It required the company to purchase a large percentage of the raw materials for manufacturing the vehicles from Mexican-owned suppliers but now that is not the requirement. This means that Mexican-owned suppliers now miss out on the sales and income. Some view this as bad as more powerful countries become more sovereign (there will be an international sovereignty), jobs are reduced in "weaker" countries, and second and third world countries will have less power, income (businesses), etc. Globalization Debates (2000-2001) reports, "Politicians opposed to America's global influence and activists opposed to the inequities of oppressive global capitalism now portray globalization as dangerous. Globalization has thus become an issue in a wide-ranging global debate." Free trade limits states to operate domestically and protect their domestic welfare. These generous welfare states become less competitive. Culture is also lost. Global norms and practices take over what was originally known a s local and authentic. For example, western influence (such as America's way of doing things) becomes a global spread of what is popular and cultural homogeneity results. Some other losses include increased materialism and environmental problems.
Wednesday, November 20, 2019
Annotation of an article - Essay Example has the moral imperative to stop genocide through different methods that would not have necessarily meant sending thousands of American troops to wage war with Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic. Power not only describes the Bosnian genocide, she also strongly condemns MilosevicÃ¢â¬â¢s deceptive ways of hiding genocide and AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s and EuropeÃ¢â¬â¢s silence to it. Power narrates the history of conflict in Yugoslavia that affected BosniaÃ¢â¬â¢s struggle for independence, which she compares with the Holocaust and other ethnic cleansing events in the world. Before 1991, Yugoslavia had six states, but after Serbian president Slobodan Milosevic stressed his nationalist stance, its several states seceded from it. Slovenia was the first, followed by Croatia. Both successfully declared their independence, but Bosnia did not. The seven members of the Bosnian presidency asked advice from Europe and the United States regarding how they could declare independence without much blo odshed. Western diplomats suggested giving human rights protection to their minorities and launching a free and fair referendum. The two Serbian members of the presidency resisted the referendum and supported the militarization of Bosnia. Power stresses that the Serbs had military power and backing, while the Muslims and Croats had none. As a result, they became targets of ethnic cleansing. Power describes the three forms of ethnic cleansing in Bosnia: economic, social, and physical. The economic part meant denying employment to minorities, while social sanctions, such as curfews and limited possessions were applied to them too. In addition, the most horrible forms of ethnic cleansing were murdering these people by shooting and bombing their houses, and forcing fathers to kill their sons and rape their daughters, while Serb soldiers humiliated and raped many young women. Power notes that during this time, the United States did not respond in military terms despite widespread media c overage on the atrocious acts done in Bosnia. She proposes several actions with different levels of military activities, which could have prevented the ethnic cleansing in Bosnia that resulted to 200,000 people killed and two million displaced during BushÃ¢â¬â¢s administration. Power notes that the U.S. is significantly updated of the happenings in Bosnia before and during the ethnic cleansing. The U.S. intelligence system knew beforehand that based on what was happening in Bosnia from the 1980s to the 1990s, the situation would eventually become Ã¢â¬Å"bloody as hellÃ¢â¬ (Power 253). But since Europe stepped up and promised to manage the consequences of the breakup of Yugoslavia, Power notes that it seemed that the U.S. had been too happy to take a step back in influencing international foreign policymaking for Bosnia. In addition, Power describes in detail how much the U.S. government knew about the happenings in Bosnia. She mentions Jon Western, an analyst in the State Depar tmentÃ¢â¬â¢s Bureau of Intelligence and Research. Western processed refugeesÃ¢â¬â¢ testimonies, including one where Serbian soldiers raped a 9-year-old Muslim girl and left her to die in her blood, while her parents watched behind a fence (Power 265). Other refugees supported this event with their own accounts. In addition, Power shows that the ethnic cleaning strategies of the Serbs were similar to the Nazis and other oppressive regimes. For
Monday, November 18, 2019
Marketing Plan - Essay Example This essay is aimed at discussing the various aspects of and issues related to marketing plan. In this context, first the role and nature of a marketing plan is discussed. Next, the structure of a standard marketing plan is explained. After that, there are the sections in which elements of marketing plan are elaborated sequentially. The links between marketing plan elements are discussed in the following section. In the section of assumptions, there is a discussion related to the common misconceptions regarding the marketing plan as a whole. Reputable journal, text, and Internet based sources have been used throughout the paper. Role and Nature of Marketing Plan What is a Marketing Plan? A marketing plan is used in backend and management operations. It is aimed at the potential consumers and also the public at large. The complete plan is kept like a guiding document for personnel involved in advertising, sales, and marketing. Marketing plans contain the results obtained by research, which help in identifying tactics and strategies for communicating with the consumers. Hence, it must have an ethical but persuasive orientation. (Solomon et al, 2012; Kang et al, 2002) What is the relationship between a Marketing Plan and a Business Plan? Marketing and business plans have a significant number of elements and subsections in common. In drafting the overall strategic plan, both marketing and business plans may lead to common or overlapping implications. Business plans cover market analyses and marketing research in the context of the whole business including the fiscal affairs. Nevertheless, there are certain differences between a marketing plan and a business plan. Differences between a Marketing Plan and a Business Plan Marketing Plan Business Plan The plan is intended for the potential customers and general public. It is implemented by the personnel involved in sales, advertising, distribution and promotion. (Solomon et al, 2012) Potential investors are shown a bus iness plan as a first step to help them decide whether or not to invest. According to Mason and Stark (2004, p. 227), Ã¢â¬Å"Bankers stress the financial aspects of the proposal and give little emphasis to market, entrepreneur or other issues.Ã¢â¬ Marketing plan has a customer or consumer oriented persuasive approach (Cravens et al, 2009) Business plan has a financier or investor oriented persuasive approach (Chen et al, 2009) The planner must concentrate more on preparing milestone charts, sales forecasts, marketing research, etc. (Wood, 2011) The planner must refer to the marketing plan but adequately cover the financial information and other details related to the organization. It must be used along with the business plan to draft the strategic plan Business planning is precondition to strategic planning Helps in the processes like Ã¢â¬Å"product line asset developmentÃ¢â¬ (Kang et al, 2002, p. 203) Helps in a variety of processes such as management accounting, cash flows, preparing financial statements, etc. Table Ã¢â¬â 1: Marketing Plan versus Business Plan What are Marketing Plans used for? The marketing plan includes various kinds of analyses to determine marketing strategies like pricing, distribution, and perks that are to be rewarded to the salespeople and retailers who generate better sales for the company. Further, strategic incentives are provided on the basis of market plans. These incentives include different types of offerings, special packages, free gifts, etc. to retain the existing clients and/or attract new clients particularly for service-oriented businesses. In sum, a marketing plan is drafted for achieving sales & distribution targets, winning customers, achieving competitive advantage,
Friday, November 15, 2019
Corporate Social Responsibility In Society Media Essay Corporate social responsibility is like; What you are giving back to the society? Any company or organization forms up in a society. The company interacts with the society and utilizes its resources and opportunities to gain benefits and profits. As a law of nature, its always Give and Take. You take something, then in return you have to return something as well. Corporate social responsibility dictates the company to do so. COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY binds the company to conduct the business in an ethical manner keeping in mind the interests of the majority of the community. It also urges the company to respond positively towards the evolving social concerns and their expectations from the company. COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY is more of a legal obligation; it goes for the ethical part. No doubt the company is there to get maximum profit for the shareholders, but there are other stakeholders, on which the company has direct impact like employees, consumers, suppliers etc a nd company needs to take account of their interests as well. COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY formulates the balance between the interest of the shareholder as well as the stakeholders. COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY ensures that the company acts like a good and ethical citizen in the community. The most progressive companies have a social or ethical binding that they must atleast return something back to the society; afterall this is how a good business is being carried out. The companies following COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY have a basic theme of making this world a better place to live!Companies like Google, Intel, Disney, Exxon etc tend to go for more and more charitable as well as sponsored programs in order to promote the help in the social causes of the country or world. It is something more than getting profit in green bucks. Its more than that. Its about building a reputation and a good will among the general public and the society. If this reputation goes a bit down , it has a very negative impact on the company. The example goes on the Exxons Oil tanker spillage at Alaska a decade ago. Still people rate Exxon as the worst company despite of their extensive apologetic campaigns and $3.5 billions upon the clean up. But the people still state that Exxon as the killer company whos oil spillage killed millions of sea fish and birds. Now Exxon, a multinational company with soaring profits still cant manage to get things straight. This is one example; another example of Google. Now Google got kicked out of China due to violation of privacy issues in China. Chinese laws mount some privacy issues and google doesnt follow that, this is not a good social responsible aptitude of a citizen who actually came from abroad. The reason is that Chinese Information Technology Ministry kicked out Google and banned Google services and offices in China. On the other hand, Microsofts Bing is trying to take control of it by portraying itself a much more responsible ci tizen in the Chinese society. COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY is comprised of certain models and theories; One of the most widely used models is Carrolls Pyramid. This pyramid describes the levels of Corporate Responsbility. The types of morality among the managers and directors of the organization. This pyramid shows the level of social responsibility of a company. At the start, the company; ethically as well as legally bound; to make profits for the share holders. The company has to obey the laws and regulations of the society. Recall the case of Google, it failed to obey the laws and regulations of the Chinese Government and it got kicked out. Next step is about the ethical responsibilities, here the company may have to forgo some of the profit share. The example goes of Unilever and Proctor and Gamble. Unilevers business Intelligence once went beyond the enemy lines. They started to collect the garbage from the Proctor and gambles research and development facility; bring it back to Unilever labs and try to r eengineer that. After some time, they got exposed and Unilever, apologized the Proctor and Gamble in a press conference and handed over all its own research on their waste materials. This is one case of ethical breakdown, the oil spillage in the ALASKA and another oil spillage by the coast of Australia back in 1980 triggered ethical dilemmas against the companies. As the company goes to Philanthropic responsibilities, it has to contribute to the society. Like Disney did for the kids and parents . Disney gives charity to certain institutions around the globe in an attempt to improve the quality of life. Now companies like Coca Cola, Microsoft, Google, Disney, Exxon etc they generate huge profits and their annual budgets are more than the budgets of third world countries. They try to give something back to the society in an attempt to make the society better. This model dictates that the social and ethical responsibility of the company goes beyond the mere compliance with the laws and regulations of the societies. The laws made by the society for the betterment of the society must be followed. Laws like Child Labour, workforce work environment not only ensures the safety of the people working in the company but also ensures the motivation and level of loyalty from them towards the company. The Carrolls Pyramid model defines the levels of morality of the managers. In order to be a successful COROPORATE SOCIAL RESPONSIBILITY company, the company must have managers who are totally MORAL and they stick to the code of the ethical and moral as well as legal issues of the society and company. One way to get this is promoting an ethical and socially responsible culture within the company. This would help to promote the sense of ethical and social responsibility among the workers and managers which ultimately depicts the whole company. Company Background: A company founded in 1930s and now became a colossal in family entertainment. Disney; also known as Mickey Mouse Company; now own 11 theme parks around the globe. The company is currently a multinational. The company owns different TV Channel and still committed to their basic commitment of producing shows and movies for the kids of all ages. Disney enjoys the legacy of Mickey Mouse, Snow white and the white dwarfs, Cindrella, The little mermaid, WALL E etc movies. The movies which not only enjoyed by kids but adults as well. Disney is currently operating five major sections: Media Networks Disney enjoys a whole array of network channels across US and around the globe. The 31 channels collaborated with abc network and local channels in florida, Chicago etc makes the Disney a significant player in the game of business market share in Media Networks. The most favourite channel The Disney Channel which has programs for all ages, Phinneas and Ferb, Kimpossible, for kids and Hanna Montana, Suite Life on Deck for teenagers etc. In the market of media networks, Disney is giving a tough time to its competitors Parks and resorts Disney has a range of 11 theme parks in three continents of the world. These 11 theme parks are both owned and co owned. The first theme park was launched in 1952 and now Disney is 100% share holder in the market of theme park resorts. Disney has no such competitor in that. Interactive Media The Disneys interactive media is the one involved in the interactive websites and web portals for kids and parents. The interactive media involves secured web for the kids. The interactive media games like whenever the you log on the site, the mouse pointer changes and the flying Barbie along with tinker bell guides you the whole website. The interactive media is quite successful in attracting the customers and kids alike. Consumer Products Disney has very diversified set of operations, on one hand it has studio entertainment and on the other hand, its has theme parks and resorts. Disney also deals in consumer products, products bearing the logo of Disney. The products include a lot of variety, from goodies of successful movie characters to home dÃ ©cor items bearing the silhouette of Mickey mouse. The merchandise is another profitable section of Disney. Daily numerous people visit theme parks, they take the merchandise and its sales are high. Studio Entertainment The studio entertainment is no doubt one of the most profitable sections of Disney. Disney Animation, Pixar Animations etc are just a very few names of the distributors of Disney. Disney enjoys the memories of blockbuster and oscar winner movies like Snow white and seven dwarfs, Wall E , UP , Cindrella, The Lion King etc. The grammy award for best original soundtrack of 2008 awarded to Ratatouille; a movie in which a mouse wants to be a chef and it becomes a chef in the end. The Disneys studio entertainment surely gave out some very classic and memorable movies. Movies like UP who won 2 Oscars in 2010 was highly admired and loved by all age groups. A story of love, with comic and very unique plot tagged with extraordinary animation and colourscheme made the ultimate recipe of success. On the other hand, the classic movies like Pocohauntus, Mulan, The little mermaid, Pinnochio not only conquered the box office for quite a time but also gave out some positive messages to the society an d children. 3. Children and family: The cartoon characters as Mickey Mouse, Donald Duck, Minnie, and Goofy, combined with the intelligent use of music, sound, and folk material, made the Disney successful among children all over the world. This success led to the establishment of the hugely commercial, Disney-controlled sidelines in publicity, publishing, and merchandising. For children fairy tales are produced like Snow white and seven dwarves, Alladin, Cinderella, Sleeping beauty etc. These fairy tales are told and executed beautifully so that children get entertainment and moral lessons. The latest hit of Disney is Wall-e which has won Oscar award and is very popular among children as well as in Parents and teenagers. Disneys Distribution Channels include Walt Disney Animation Studios, Pixar Animation Studios and Disney Toon Studios Touchstone Pictures, Hollywood Pictures and Miramax Films. Disney is fulfilling its social responsibilities by getting children aware of the code of ethics and rules of living in a society. On , 1957, Disney opened Disneyland in Anaheim, California, the most successful amusement park in history, with millions of people visiting it by 1966. The idea for the park came to him after taking his children to other amusement parks and watching them have fun on amusement rides. He decided to build a park where the entire family could have fun together. In 1971 Disney World in Orlando, Florida, opened. Since then, Disney theme parks have opened in Tokyo, Japan, and Paris, France. Disneys parks continue to grow with the creation of the Disney-MGM Studios, Animal Kingdom, and an extensive sports complex in Orlando. Parks and resorts depicts the company theme. Here characters of animations are shown alive and appropriate atmosphere is created for it by the help of experts. So, that children as well as Parents enjoy in Parks rather then sitting alone seeing their children playing. There are 11 parks some owned and some co-owned by independent entities on three continents. The Disney Corporation has also branched out into other types of films with the creation of Touchstone Films, into music with Hollywood Records, and even into vacations with its Disney Cruise Lines. In all, the Disney name now covers a multi-billion dollar enterprise, with business ventures all over the world. In 1939 Disney received an honorary (received without meeting the usual requirements) Academy Award, and in 1954 he received four more Academy Awards. In 1965 President Lyndon B. Johnson (1908-1973) presented Disney with the Presidential Medal of Freedom, and in the same year Disney was awarded the Freedom Foundation Award. Nutritious food Disney aims to provide healthy and full of nutrition food to the children as the parents are now a days getting worried about their children health because of availability of junk food. Children are fond of junk food which is causing health problems like lack of energy, poor concentration, heart diseases and high cholesterol level. Disney is providing beverages and side dishes. For beverages milk is given and apples are given as side dishes providing full of nutrition food and Parents worries are finished. Except of that Disney is also providing treats and other kinds of foods for children. Several millions of meals in a year are being given in parks and resorts. Food has specific conditions like limitation on fat, calories, saturated fat and sugar. It is also offering birthday cakes, confectionary products and other kinds of sweets. Along with food items Disney is manufacturing different consumer products. From childrens writing tablet to their tee-shirts, home dÃ ©cor, books, magazines, interactive games, online websites etc. It is providing toys of different characters, other accessories, footwear even beauty kits, all of them are having brand name of Disney. Children are more attracted towards Disneys stationary, Disney home, their room decorated with Disney wall papers, toys, other house hold accessories manufactured by Disney. For online service Disney has made some groups like Club Penguin, Pirates of the Caribbean Online and Disney Fairies. They provide different interactive games and allow children to make their profile and make friends online to chat and play with them. Parents also have regular check on their childs profile and his activities. Work Places Safety and security measures are taken for customers as well as employees. Proper facilities are available for the safety of workers. Disney fulfills quality, ethics and social responsibility on the part of its employees. Disney provides social friendly environment to its workers so that they work with ease and provide better results. Disney also make sure that its employees maintain the decorum of social responsibilities and do not break the codes of ethics. Disneys best policy is engagement of employees. Disney has provided quality leadership to its employees. Starting fro the process of recruitment to the process working employees are focused on development and progress. The abilities of employees are tested and they are given work as per their capability. Workers talent is admired and they are given that work which they can do efficiently. Open Communication is done among employees in the form of meetings, questioners etc. Its helps in finding out the problems faced by the workers. Different surveys are done to know the employees working conditions and ways of improving them. Company provides opportunities to participate in decision making process, it helps to make employees come closer to the company and their loyalties are increased for the company. The members and workers of Parks and resort are sanctioned to participate in delivering magic to meet the customers requirements and expectations. They are allowed in innovation of new ideas to attract new customers at the same time retain the old ones. Disney provides employee benefits to its workers. These benefits include retirement and saving options which make the future of the workers secure. Other facilities are also provided like health and wellness programs for the security and well being of the workers. Disney facilitate its workers by the health programs having confidential health pursuits, so that employees know about their health and also their family health. The company also provides insurance policy so that in case of any accident the employee can get advantage from it. Employees also get other benefits. They have benefit of complimentary Theme park tickets. They get these benefits in Disney owned parks. Employees can get silver or main entrance pass for allowance of their entry and their dependants. They can also get benefit form other discounts given by the company. Employees at major occasions can go to the screening of the upcoming movie in the theater. Disney also provides child care financial scholarship to his workers. Disney also provides tuition assistance to the employees. Disney gives financial assistance for eligible employees who effectively complete trained courses that are related directly to post duties. Disney also work for the training and development of the employees by the help of effective leadership. This training lays emphasis on the communication, increase in effective communication not only among employees but also with the higher authorities. t innovation, innovative ideas and creative work is need of the century. So, Disney works on the creativeness of the employees. Time management, is also very important tool in practical life without it nothing can be done properly. So, it is also taught to the employees. Methodological and creative skills improvement, employees have the necessary skills but they need to polish it under correct supervision to make its proper use. Cultural awareness, it is important in order to survive in an environment. Code of ethics are the societal rules and employees should be aware of the moral values of the society in which they live and work. Disney also helps its employees in career planning and development. It helps its employees to attain its goals. Disney has a diverse workforce in which people from all ages, experiences, backgrounds, ethnic groups, and lifestyles are included which work for the company. These people forget their personal issues and work for the company. Minorities are given same chance depending upon their talent and skills. Disney has also worked for the safety and loss prevention. Proper safety measures are taken not only for the customers but also for the workers, suppliers and equipment. Disney has Television and Motion Picture Safety: Every script is read by safety professionals for the evaluation of possible risks and exposures. It also has worked for Media Network Safety: loss prevention is needed in case of availability of variety of entertainment and news content . Safety in Motion: For the reduction of potential losses resulting from body-motion injuries, this program is focused on dropping body-motion and musculoskeletal injuries special in case of park . More than 20,000 Cast Members have received this benefit. As a result, body motion claims have been reduced by 38% at the Walt Disney World Resort, with similar results at other business units. Not just employee diversity Disney has supplier diversity too. Number of minorities and women owned companies doing business with Disney have increased. Due to this Disney was recognized as Corporation of the Year by the Womens Business Enterprise Council West, the Southern California Minority Business Development Council and the Florida Minority Business Development Council and as Entertainment Company of the Year by the Greater Los Angeles African-American Chamber of Commerce. Disney has introduced Disneys International Labor Standards (ILS) program It is considered to assess and address the working conditions of the employees. The environment of their work, their difficulties are considered in this program. Report is made and is send to Audit committee of the Board of Directors to take necessary actions. 4. Criticism on Disney Corporate Social responsibility: Nothing is perfect, there is always a room for improvement. Disney evolved from the 2 room studio to a world level brand. Despite of the fact that it has a very impressive reputation among the consumers, some call Disney as the Devil Organization. Disney has to face many lawsuits but most of the lawsuits got settled up without going to the court. The critics claims DISNEY as its not the wholesome as it portrays. The shiny and attractive family pictures where kids and families are smiling and enjoying a quality time with the happy employees and a corporate social responsible feel doesnt tell the whole story. As there are two sides of any picture, the shiny and the attractive side has been shown by their Annual Corporate Social Responsibility Report. The other side of the picture is quite dark. Disney has been a focus for many criticism from various groups like religious groups, ethnic groups, human rights, child labour etc. Each of the criticism is explained later in this section. Dis ney has always depicted itself as a corporate social responsible company and it has literally spilled money on that. The charity funds, the involvement of parents, the image of quality time spending with your loved ones etc are just a part of it. Disney has won many awards for their corporate social behaviour. Disney has resorts in 3 continents and in USA, the daily visitors count exceed 60000. On the other side, the theme park at Hong Kong is proving to be a golden egg laying hen for Disney. Disney claims to have special training programs and user manuals for the promotion of corporate social responsibility among the employees, from lower to higher level. Recently, Disney won Reputation award for Employees and Human resource capital satisfaction. But, is this really worthy enough to make Disney as a model organization in Corporate Governance and Corporate Social Responsibility? Is Disney the better than its competitors in terms of CSR? Is Disney literally portraying a true image of itself or its just another fairy tale? The answers of such questions and many more has been given later in this section. As Disney has major stakeholders; Children and Family Disney boasts the need of spending quality time with your family. It depicts the fact by showing family pictures enjoying together with a lot of happy faces. It shows that in this world of hassle and insecurity, you can still spend time with your loved ones and enjoy your life. Disney theme parks come up with a feeling of a fairy tale. Moreover, Disney boasts that its programs can be viewed by the Kids of all ages. Recently, Disney claimed in its 2008 Corporate Social Responsibility Report that it has taking some strong measures against smoking in films but in the reality, smoking is getting promoted quite effectively via Disney Cartoon and shows. In the movie, The Princess and the Frog, the villain smokes the cigarette quite stylishly. Same goes for Alladin and other movies. This sort of imagery creates a very negative image in the minds of the children. The children tend to take such things in a fun manner and they try to adopt it. The mind of children has been designed to learn but it couldnt differentiate to mark the thing as right or wrong. This is a fact which Disney should take account of. The depiction of smoking in movies, in any character or in any sense leaves an impact of the children. Especially when they try to adopt the character. Another critics point out some crucial issues for the mind and personality development of the children. Disney claims that it has shown Be yourself in the characters of the movies like Alladin , Pocohauntus, etc but critics pointed it out in a different manner. Critics claim that Disney movies promotes sexuality, religious and ethnic discrimination, homosexuality etc. Critics also back their claims with certain facts like, in the movie The Lion King, the characters Timon and Pumba Promoted the first gay cartoon couple living happily. Now this type of stereotyping leaves a very very negative impact in the mind so this sort of corporate responsible attitude is not acceptable at all. Moreover, the promotion of sexuality in the movies are the subject of criticism from time to time. The most critized movie over this subject of matter was Jessica Rabbit which not only dressed erotically but also her certain body parts got exposed during the movie. Certain religious and parent groups heavily criticize this and regarded this as demoralizing the whole generation. Jessica rabbit was the centre of attraction of literally Kids of all ages! Such irresponsible behaviour in character making and depicting for a cartoon for kids is not socially responsible. Such cheap publicity stunts and shortcuts brought Disney a good fortune but the social responsible aptitude is down the drain. Another issue is of the ethnic discrimination; as in the CSR Report of 2008, Disney presents the examples of Alladin and Cheetah Girls etc for the diversity and bringing tolerance in the minds of the people; however in reality, the Alladins Soundtrack depicted the difference. The soundtrack depicts the American Arab difference and discrimination policy. The soundtrack deceivingly portrays and states the barbaric nature of the Arab World. This goes same in the case of Lion King, in which the hyenas are depicted as downtown thugs of the streets of United States. The recent movie The Princess and The Frog; as per Disney spokesperson; is trying to develop a sense of tolerance and no discrimination among the children. This has been carried out in such a way that the princess in this film is black whereas all the princesses in the previous Disney movies were white. On the other hand, people call it as racism and still point fingers at the Disneys Think tanks. The above mentioned critics seriously point out the credibility of the Disney movies itself. The Disney has to do some serious steps in order to cater that. Disney should take some serious measures in order to cater issues like that. As far as the competitors are concerned, the DreamWorks Animation Studios Kung Fu Panda and Shrek depicted a more positive message about Be yourself without promoting sex or vulgarity or with other cheap shortcut. DreamWorks Animations Madagascar literally blew the house with laughters, an extreme comedy with an interesting story plot with no issues from parents or any religious groups. Dream Works Animation is literally playing its part in social corporate responsibility. Employees Work Force Disney is the role model of many companies in terms of corporate governance. Disney has proved time and time again that its not only socially responsible to the external stakeholders but it is also equally socially responsible to internal stakeholders as well. Disney has devised out certain User manual for the board of directors to practice corporate governance rules and regulations. Disney has no discrimination policy and it boasts of it widely. Disney ensured that the workers have the safer and user friendly environment for the workplace. The diversity among the employees and zero discrimination policy tolerates race, religion, ethnic group for promotion. Disney always tried to be the role model in employee satisfaction and organizations internal matters. In the corporate reputation, Disney scored the highest among employee satisfaction. Disney maintained its position in the corporate reputation; an independent research conducted by Reputation. On the other hand, there are some fingers rising towards the practices of Disney around the globe. Disney has 11 theme parks, some owned and some co-owned. These theme parks have employees, now the employees which are under the direct umbrella of Disney are reported to be happy, satisfied etc but the employees which are being outsourced to the third world countries, they are exploited in a very shameful manner. 101 Dalmations was the blockbuster hit for Disney Corporations, Disney collaborated with Mc Donalds and they started to give out toy figures of Dalmations in the Happy Meal. Even Mc Donalds benefited from the hit and its sale also rose due to the fact of involvement of Dalmations Goodies and Toy Figures in the Happy meal. These Dalmation figures were produced in Vietnam with a very low low vage of few cents per hour. The woman and children were forced by the local manufacturer to Disney to produce the toy items in such non-human conditions. The constant intake of Acetone and o ther volatile chemicals made the workers terribly sick. This is just one side of the story, one critic pointed out the fact of Disney T-Shrits. The T-shirts were outsourced to BURMA, where the same conditions were there. The whole money, just for the sake of low costing, was given to the third party which ensured the total exploitation of the labour. According to US department of Defence, a significant amount of drugs comes from Burma and Disney actually hired people over there to produce T shirts, generate the finance, and invest it in drugs business. Disney also boasts its policies about Child labour and the charities given to child labour etc.On the other hand, in above mentioned examples, a huge percentage of the labour was child labour. Now the question arises to Disney that how much is its Circle of Corporate Social Responsibility? Does the circle tend to be within the theme park or where people can clearly see? Disney is being held questionable for that but no comments or any sort of explanations except denials have been reported from the Disneys side. During the recession, Disney also had to downsize itself, the downsizing was disastrous for the theme park visitors. As, if there was on ride there were; lets say 6 people in the start; when the downsizing occurred; only 2 remained. On the other hand, the number of visitors daily increased in order to get the costs. A previous worker of the Disney mentioned that Disney had a policy of fixed number of visitors daily. Upon reaching that number, no more entrance policy was exercised but nowadays, the green is more than the human soul. The rides are over running and they are not being properly maintained; moreover, the lack of personnel to assist the visitors is becoming another problem. In order to properly portray what it is and what it really shows to be; Disney need some strict measures to take upon such third party labour issues. Moreover, the security measures at the theme parks and the training and development of the employees must be carried out.
Wednesday, November 13, 2019
New Religious Movements and the Biased Media What happened in Jonestown? How could Ã¢â¬Å"sensible peopleÃ¢â¬ follow the Ã¢â¬Å"rantings of a crazed lunatic?Ã¢â¬ The questions and the simplified answers that are provided by the media coverage of Jonestown and HeavenÃ¢â¬â¢s Gate perhaps contributed to their downfall. The feeling of public persecution is a central theme of many new religious movements, and the negative publicity of suicide cults only fuels the fear of other like-minded religious groups. The misleading definitions the media provided for the how, what and why of these new religious movements were symptomatic of the media bias against all such movements. Through examination of the print media response immediately following both mass suicides, I will expose the hollow definitions and explanations provided for tragedies that were much more complex. Moreover, although the Jonestown Suicide occurred twenty years before the HeavenÃ¢â¬â¢s Gate suicides in March of 1997, coverage remained ignorant and simplistic of the critical differences between movements, and perhaps exacerbated their cultural alienation. My research of the media response to the Jonestown suicides concentrates on the coverage of the tragedy in the New York Times because the newspaper is one of the most widely read American newspapers, replete with religion Ã¢â¬Å"experts.Ã¢â¬ Through the coverage in the Times alone, the common response followed a path of initial confusion that eventually led to unoriginal and uncomplicated answers for the how and why these people followed Jim Jones to their death. The initial coverage in the New York Times exemplifies how the facts of the suicide trickled slowly out of the jungle of Jonestown, Guyana. The day after the suicides, Sunday, November... ...east 900 by U.S., with 260 Children Among Victims at ColonyÃ¢â¬ The New York Times, 26 November 1978, Sec A1.  Elizabeth Gleick, Ã¢â¬Å"Inside the Web of DeathÃ¢â¬ Time (April 7, 1997):28-40  Howard Chua-Eoan, Ã¢â¬Å"Imprisoned by his Own Passions.Ã¢â¬ Time (April 7, 1997): 40-42.  Richard Lacayo, Ã¢â¬Å"The Lure of the CultÃ¢â¬ Time (April 7, 1997): 45-46.  Harvey Hill and John Hickman and Joel McLendon, Ã¢â¬Å"On Religious Outsiders- Cults and Sects and Doomsday Groups, Oh My: Media and Treatment of Religion on the Eve of the Millennium,Ã¢â¬ Review of Religious Research. 43, no. 1, (2001): 24 (15 pages), 26.  Stephen J Hedges, Ã¢â¬Å"Mass Suicide in California.Ã¢â¬ U.S. News World Report. 122, no. 13, (April 07, 1997). Life After Death for HeavenÃ¢â¬â¢s Gate.Ã¢â¬ U.S. News and World Report. 124, no. 12, (March 30,1998).  Hill, 24. Hill, 32, 24.  Hill, 35.
Monday, November 11, 2019
Firstly, it is true that money doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee happiness. But then what does? In my very own opinion on this no one could exactly tell anything that can guarantee their happiness. Even the often talked about subject of health doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee happiness. I know thousands of people who are healthy yet are unhappy. So why donÃ¢â¬â¢t people say health that doesnÃ¢â¬â¢t guarantee happiness? Have you ever noticed that most of the sulking, miserable people that you meet in everyday life are rich people? The misery that these people go through is not because they donnot have enough money to by two square meals. It occurs due to the fact that everyone seems to have more expectations from money. Money cannot buy you everything but in the minds of people who give up everything for money, it is difficult to accept that they strove so hard to achieve partial success. I also think for a fact that money goes a long way to make anyone happy. As for me money enables me to buy food for myself and my family, and that makes me happy. Money enables me to buy a house for my family, and that makes me happy. Money enables me to send my children to good schools, and that makes me happy. Money enables me to go to places that I dream about, and that makes me happy. Money enables me to buy some stuff to make my life more comfortable, and that makes me happy. In other words, money goes a long way to help you live a happy life. In fact, the money itself will make you happy. When you are broke, even a dollar will make you very happy. Yes, after a while the effect wears off a little Ã¢â¬â the eleventh million is just another figure after ten million Ã¢â¬â but I can assure you that it comes in handy. And having money helps immensely as many of the things that you have to do either costs money or involves money. In short, money is a big part of the solution.
Friday, November 8, 2019
Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga in 1881. Pablo was the son of a respected art teacher, and due to his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s influence, young Pablo entered the Academy at Barcelona at age 14. This was where he painted his first great work, Ã¢â¬Å"Girl with Bare FeetÃ¢â¬ . After two years of schooling, Picasso transferred for advanced tutelage. This did not hold PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s interest, so instead he spent much of his time in cafes and in brothels. Three years later, Picasso won a gold medal for his work, Ã¢â¬Å"Customs of AragonÃ¢â¬ . This work was displayed on exhibit in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s hometown. In 1901, Picasso set up a studio in the northern section of Paris known as Montmartre. Picasso had mastered traditional forms of art by now. However, the works of such artists as Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, Vuillard, which can be noticed, affected him in his works at the time. Ã¢â¬Å"LongchampÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Blue RoomÃ¢â¬ are good examples of this change in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s style. Soon after this, Picasso began to develop his own methods. Illness struck Picasso in 1898 and he temporarily retired from the city and rested in the country. Upon his return, Picasso was distressed with modern art and proceeded to use motherÃ¢â¬â¢s maiden name. He then underwent a distressing part of his life for the next 4 years (1901-1904) and demonstrated the life of the poor. The next two years following those last four were rather bright and vigorous. Perhaps this was because he realized how his life differed so much from the poor on the streets. This was also a point in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s life when sculpture and black art intrigued him. His work, Ã¢â¬Å"Two NudesÃ¢â¬ reflects this attitude. Cubism soon followed after this. Picasso began experimenting with the many facets of Cubism. Cubism was developed in stages: analytic, synthetic, hermetic, and rococo. These techniques were not only useful in painting but in collages as well. Picasso met Eva Marcelle Humbert, and fell in love with her bu... Free Essays on Life Of Picasso Free Essays on Life Of Picasso Pablo Picasso Pablo Picasso was born in Malaga in 1881. Pablo was the son of a respected art teacher, and due to his fatherÃ¢â¬â¢s influence, young Pablo entered the Academy at Barcelona at age 14. This was where he painted his first great work, Ã¢â¬Å"Girl with Bare FeetÃ¢â¬ . After two years of schooling, Picasso transferred for advanced tutelage. This did not hold PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s interest, so instead he spent much of his time in cafes and in brothels. Three years later, Picasso won a gold medal for his work, Ã¢â¬Å"Customs of AragonÃ¢â¬ . This work was displayed on exhibit in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s hometown. In 1901, Picasso set up a studio in the northern section of Paris known as Montmartre. Picasso had mastered traditional forms of art by now. However, the works of such artists as Toulouse-Lautrec, Degas, Vuillard, which can be noticed, affected him in his works at the time. Ã¢â¬Å"LongchampÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"The Blue RoomÃ¢â¬ are good examples of this change in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s style. Soon after this, Picasso began to develop his own methods. Illness struck Picasso in 1898 and he temporarily retired from the city and rested in the country. Upon his return, Picasso was distressed with modern art and proceeded to use motherÃ¢â¬â¢s maiden name. He then underwent a distressing part of his life for the next 4 years (1901-1904) and demonstrated the life of the poor. The next two years following those last four were rather bright and vigorous. Perhaps this was because he realized how his life differed so much from the poor on the streets. This was also a point in PicassoÃ¢â¬â¢s life when sculpture and black art intrigued him. His work, Ã¢â¬Å"Two NudesÃ¢â¬ reflects this attitude. Cubism soon followed after this. Picasso began experimenting with the many facets of Cubism. Cubism was developed in stages: analytic, synthetic, hermetic, and rococo. These techniques were not only useful in painting but in collages as well. Picasso met Eva Marcelle Humbert, and fell in love with her bu...
Wednesday, November 6, 2019
Education of Gifted Children Started in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Gifted & Talented programs are used to enhance the curriculum of students included in either category in order to challenge and strengthen their unique abilities. These students are usually provided a separate class with specialized lessons in all areas and a teacher with a special degree in gifted education. I feel that it is important that the teacher was a gifted student who would know what the students must face as "above average" members of their school. The job market for gifted education offers a wide range of opportunity and gifted teachers are needed all over the country. One of the earliest programs for gifted and talented students was set up in 1974, at The Old Donation Center, in Virginia Beach. Students scoring within the top 3% of students on an assessment test are referred here to be further challenged. These students are considered gifted and have special teachers and classes to promote development of their talents and minds. Programs like this began to pop up around the nation in the 70Ã¢â¬â¢s; however, gifted students were looked down upon by teachers, parents, and peers. Many people considered them to be "freaks" because they were different. They didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the implications of the terms "gifted" and "talented". Most people simply expected gifted students to act more mature or to be geniuses, even though gifted students are the same as other children in their needs as human beings. Some gifted students were forced to grow up too fast and some simply ignored the fact that they were smarter than others, thus, they were lost in the shuffle. The irony of it all is that gifted-ness seems to run in families and the children of these repressed gifted students are, themselves, gifted. But what exactly is a "gifted" student? Students (elementary & secondary) are give... Free Essays on Education Of The Gifted Free Essays on Education Of The Gifted Education of Gifted Children Started in the 1970Ã¢â¬â¢s, AmericaÃ¢â¬â¢s Gifted & Talented programs are used to enhance the curriculum of students included in either category in order to challenge and strengthen their unique abilities. These students are usually provided a separate class with specialized lessons in all areas and a teacher with a special degree in gifted education. I feel that it is important that the teacher was a gifted student who would know what the students must face as "above average" members of their school. The job market for gifted education offers a wide range of opportunity and gifted teachers are needed all over the country. One of the earliest programs for gifted and talented students was set up in 1974, at The Old Donation Center, in Virginia Beach. Students scoring within the top 3% of students on an assessment test are referred here to be further challenged. These students are considered gifted and have special teachers and classes to promote development of their talents and minds. Programs like this began to pop up around the nation in the 70Ã¢â¬â¢s; however, gifted students were looked down upon by teachers, parents, and peers. Many people considered them to be "freaks" because they were different. They didnÃ¢â¬â¢t understand the implications of the terms "gifted" and "talented". Most people simply expected gifted students to act more mature or to be geniuses, even though gifted students are the same as other children in their needs as human beings. Some gifted students were forced to grow up too fast and some simply ignored the fact that they were smarter than others, thus, they were lost in the shuffle. The irony of it all is that gifted-ness seems to run in families and the children of these repressed gifted students are, themselves, gifted. But what exactly is a "gifted" student? Students (elementary & secondary) are give...
Monday, November 4, 2019
Talking point( Family communication class) - Essay Example Children whose parents divorced are recorded to be exhibiting less Ã¢â¬Å"emotional, behavioral, mental and social stability, have poorer health and inferior academicÃ¢â¬ performance (Fabricius et al., 2010, p. 202). Divorce can be caused by a variety of factors and is a very complex emotional issue. In general, divorce rates are increasing due to the rising level of economic independence of a woman and also because of higher educational attainment by most women. There are many social factors contributory to increasing divorce rates these days such as a decline in influence of religion, reduced communalism and a corresponding rise in individualism. However, most of the highly relevant reasons for a divorce are actually the result of a miscommunication or a lack of effective communications between the two principal partners. These are called as the predictive factors of a divorce such as repeated expressions of negative affect, low levels of emotional support, frequent arguments, infidelity and frequent heated arguments. Many of the causes happen on multiple levels and interact (Clarke-Stewart & Brentano, 2007, p. 29). This project is focused on the attachment theory which was originally developed for children and later on extended to adults in family relationships (Feeney & Noller, 1996, p. 5). Specifically, it looks at the dysfunctional nature of their communications (Rholes & Simpson, 2006, p. 23). Attachment theory from a dialectical perspective involves three general thoughts on family relationships that are privacy as against transparency, novelty versus predictability and finally, desired autonomy as against connectedness and intimacy. An important part of the intervention is looking at several talking points designed to help diffuse mis-communications. 1. Talking Point No. 1 Ã¢â¬â It takes two to tango. When people get into trouble with their partners, they usually blame the other person and
Friday, November 1, 2019
Human resources management at Foxconn - 2 - Essay Example It has been estimated that Foxconn currently supplies nearly forty percent of all electronic components required worldwide (Duhigg & Bradsher, 2012). Additionally, Foxconn generates a revenue of around 3.5 billion USD each year and employs around 1.2 million people worldwide, making it the single largest global employer (Business Week, 2013). In recent years FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s employment practices have come under intense scrutiny given a number of untoward incidents with Foxconn employees. The suicide rate in Foxconn workers shot up following 2010 in China while there was an intense riot in the Mexican manufacturing plant (Daily Mail, 2006). Human Resource Management (HRM) Issues and Solutions HRM Problems Foxconn has been blamed for providing workers with low compensation compared to other establishments. However, it must be taken into account that FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s Chinese plants are in one of the countryÃ¢â¬â¢s poorest regions and hence people are willing to work for the wages offe red (Daily Mail, 2006). As long as labour supply and demand economics remain unaltered, the minimum pay of the workers in FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s plants will remain the same. On another note, there have been massive complaints that Foxconn tends to skip out on overtime payments even though workers are forced to work overtime. In certain cases, Foxconn employees have not been paid wages for various reasons without much proper justification. Additionally, there have been instances where work place accidents were either ignored outright or paid little attention to (Williams, 2012). This indicates that management attitudes towards safety are relatively low if not lax altogether. There have also been allegations that work place accidents are common at Foxconn manufacturing plants and often such accidents go unreported. HRM Solutions A number of different HRM solutions can be presented in order to deal with FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s current problems. This paper will limit its focus to GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s Em otional Intelligence model and the Managerial Grid model in order to solicit solutions for FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s employment problems. GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s Emotional Intelligence Goleman (1998) has declared that emotional intelligence is essentially the Ã¢â¬Å"sine qua nonÃ¢â¬ of any leadership mechanism (Goleman, 1998). Emotional intelligence can be seen as the ability to recognise, evaluate and manipulate the emotions and emotional states of oneself and of other individuals. GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s model (1998) asserts that a leader needs to be able to identify emotional symptoms in order to manipulate the worker to submit to the leaderÃ¢â¬â¢s settled direction. However, it must be kept in mind that GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s model (1998) has come under intense scrutiny on a number of different accounts and needs to be evaluated accordingly to provide solutions for FoxconnÃ¢â¬â¢s problems. For one thing, GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s model (1998) has been criticised for being too qualitative in nature and of bein g unfounded through actual HRM practice. GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s model (1998) and its derivatives do boast of quantitative tools such as the Emotional Competency Inventory (ECI) and the Emotional and Social Competency Inventory (ESCI) but the use of such tools has not been approved of except in academic circles (Bradberry & Greaves, 2009). The application of GolemanÃ¢â¬â¢s model and its derivatives to the worldÃ¢â¬â¢s largest private employer, Foxconn, would make little sense as